Movement Disorders


Our bodies have many moving parts. They help us walk, work, play and express ourselves. Normally, we have precise control over how we move our arms and fingers, legs and toes, mouth and face. But for some, this control goes awry.

Movement disorders are a group of neurologic conditions that cause abnormal movements or, in some cases, lack of movement. Movement disorders are divided into two categories:

  • Hyperkinetic: Excessive, often repetitive or involuntary movements
  • Hypokinetic: Lack of movement and rigidity

Types of Movement Disorders

Some of the most common movement disorders include:

Diagnosis & Treatment of Movement Disorders

Your doctor may order tests, including computed tomography (CT scan), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), positron emission tomography (PET), electromyography (EMG) or electroencephalography (EEG) to diagnose a movement disorder.

Treatment Options

Treatment of a movement disorder depends on the underlying condition. Treatment options for movement disorders may include:

  • Medication
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Botox injections
  • Physical and/or speech therapy.

Researchers are constantly working to develop new medication for movement disorders. Talk to your doctor about what’s available today.

Mercy Clinic neurologists and neurosurgeons will work with your care team to determine the best treatment plan for you. We’ll provide the education, treatment options and support you need to minimize and manage your movement disorder – so you can get back to living life to its fullest.

What is a Movement Disorder?

Dr. Cherian Karunapuzha

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