The parathyroid glands are a set of four small glands located inside or near the thyroid gland. These glands produce parathyroid hormone (PTH), which regulates the amount of calcium and phosphorus in your blood. When your parathyroid glands produce too much PTH, health problems can result.
Hyperparathyroidism develops when one or more of your parathyroid glands produces too much PTH (hyper means over). When this happens, the amount of calcium in your blood rises. Some of this calcium is taken from your bones, potentially leaving them weaker and more prone to breaking.
In addition, the excess calcium in your blood can cause kidney stones and cardiovascular problems.
Often, hyperparathyroidism has no symptoms, but some people experience symptoms including:
Many of these symptoms can be caused by viruses or other conditions. If you have symptoms, it’s a good idea to make an appointment with your doctor to identify the cause.
Your doctor can order a simple blood test to check your parathyroid hormone (PTH) level. A high level of PTH is the main sign of this condition.
Depending on the severity of your hyperparathyroidism, treatment options may include:
Talk with your Mercy physician about the benefits and risks of your hyperparathyroidism treatment options. Together, you and your doctor can decide which approach is best to get your blood calcium back to normal.