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You might notice it when speaking in public, running late for a meeting or interviewing for a job. Your heart rate begins increasing as your adrenaline surges. This is anxiety, and it’s your body’s way of preparing itself for a possible emergency.
More than 40 million Americans have anxiety disorders, making it the most common U.S. mental illness. We’ve all experienced anxiety; however, people with anxiety disorders have intense fear and excessive worry for longer periods of time. If constant or extreme anxiety interferes with your daily life, you may have an anxiety disorder.
Anxiety disorders take many forms, each with different symptoms. Some cause constant anxiety in daily life while others are triggered by situations like social contact. There are 5 major types of anxiety disorders in addition to specific phobias and pediatric anxiety.
People with panic disorder suffer from panic attacks – sudden bouts of intense fear with strong physical reactions. Attacks can occur repeatedly and without warning, causing chest pain, heart palpitations, dizziness, shortness of breath and stomach upset.
When social anxiety disorder (SAD), also known as social phobias, occur fear and anxiety may lead you to avoid social settings in ways that affect your life. Severe stress can affect your daily choices, work, school or other activities. SAD is an ongoing behavioral health issue, but learning coping skills in therapy and taking medications can help improve your social skills so you can better engage with others.
Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a type of anxiety disorder that involves obsessions and compulsions. Obsessions are persistent, uncontrollable thoughts, urges or images that are invasive, unwelcome and alarming.
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) causes ongoing and extreme anxiety in daily life. People with GAD live with feelings of dread, worrying constantly and uncontrollably about things like their health, loved ones, jobs and routine life events.
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder that can develop after exposure to traumatic and life-threatening events such as military combat, natural disasters, accidents and serious illnesses.
Certain places, things or events can cause intense fears and feelings in some people. Examples include fear of heights, flying, confined spaces, animals, blood, public speaking and many others. Most people with phobias work hard to avoid these triggers. If a phobia is affecting social interaction, work or other key areas of your life, you should seek treatment.
Many factors and behaviors can cause or worsen anxiety disorders, including:
Our bodies and emotions can signal an anxiety disorder. Different types of anxiety disorders have unique signs and symptoms – but some characteristics are common to all anxiety disorders. Examples of anxiety symptoms include:
If you're experiencing signs of an anxiety disorder, it can be overwhelming. Mercy's behavioral health experts are here to help with treating anxiety.
Learn about anxiety diagnosis & treatment options here.
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