Cardiac rehabilitation is more than just walking on a treadmill. It also helps heart patients make healthy lifestyle changes and improve their heart health.
Cardiac rehab is a supervised program that uses exercise, education and support to help people recover from a heart attack, heart surgery or other heart problems. Cardiac rehab programs are medically supervised and individually designed based on a person’s needs and overall health. Cardiac therapy and rehabilitation helps people:
Typically, insurance covers up to 36 cardiac rehab sessions, which can be as often as two to three times per week, according to Kelli Mallatt, a registered respiratory therapist and supervisor of cardiac rehab at Mercy. The goal is to finish the program with a level of exercise and education that improves overall health.
The program begins with an assessment and includes monitoring to ensure the heart is performing as expected.
“The first several sessions we get a feel for where patients are in their heart recovery,” Mallatt said. “We have some patients who’ve never exercised. We can teach them how to exercise correctly and increase their endurance and energy.” Some patients are fearful that any physical activity during rehab will damage their hearts. “They don’t want to do anything after a heart attack or a heart procedure, as anxiety can be high,” she said. “We let them know we’re watching them and keeping them safe to keep anxiety at a low level.”
The American Heart Association recommends that cardiac rehab patients have 30 to 45 minutes of exercise or physical activity three to five days a week, according to Mallatt. How well patients progress on each piece of exercise equipment determines when the program ends.
“My goal by the time they finish is they can do 40 to 45 minutes of exercise,” she said. “The better shape they are in the faster they make progress.”
The American Heart Association suggests several steps in order to get started.
“We’re here to help the heart recover,” she said. “Not only are we recovering the heart, but are helping patients increase their physical activity and health.”