Macular degeneration is often called age-related macular degeneration (AMD or ARMD). It typically affects older adults and is the leading cause of vision loss.
There are several factors that increase your risk of AMD. These include age (there is an increased risk for people over the age of 55), family history and race. Other factors include poor diet, obesity, high blood pressure, smoking and sun exposure.
AMD causes damage to the retina, leading to vision loss in the central field of vision (the macula).
There are two types of macular degeneration: dry and wet. Dry AMD is the most common, making up about 90% of cases. In the wet form of the disease, abnormal blood vessels grow under the macula and retina. These blood vessels then bleed and leak, distorting or destroying central vision.
Macular degeneration treatment focuses on slowing the disease’s progression.
Many doctors use nutritional therapy including a diet high in antioxidants. Wet macular degeneration treatment options include retinal injections or laser photocoagulation.
As with many eye diseases, the symptoms of AMD often go undetected. As the condition progresses, you may have difficulty adjusting to low light, wavy lines in vision, distorted central vision or white and dark spots. The best way to prevent AMD is by having an annual eye exam. So call us today, our mission is to provide eye care that gives you back your confidence and allows you to enjoy life every day.
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